Water is life. It’s necessary for survival and sustenance. Nowadays, it’s difficult to be complacent with your drinking water, with all of the news about water contamination, poisoning and global warming. There are many steps that you can do to secure clean, drinkable water. You can go old-school and boil it. But, all of these measures either costs money or has very low efficiency. But, there one option you can consider.
It’s called the reverse osmosis water system. It a water system that operates on the principle of osmosis, only in reverse, hence the term. It involves a series of membranes and filters that helps clean the water to produce drinkable and safe water. It’s a real investment that helps you save money and ensures your family’s safety. But, like any other system, it can malfunction or lose its efficiency. So, how do one maximize their reverse osmosis water system and prevent malfunctioning? Here’s how:
As mentioned, reverse osmosis water systems involves the use of filters. In an RO system, water is forced through a series of filters and membranes, in an effort to isolate the particles and molecules from the water. This will produce clean water that is free from anything. No ions, no particulate matter and no molecules. There are four filters in which water passes through the system.
First, it goes through a pre-filter. It’s a membrane that filters out sediments. This includes dirt, sand, silt and other particles. This prepares the water for its passage to the filters. When silt and sand is not removed before exposing it to the filters, it can destroy the filter, since these are delicate membranes.
Next, it passes through a carbon filter. Carbon is the most abundant element in the environment. The carbon filter filters out chlorine particles and removes any taste and smell from the water. Chlorine is remove to avoid having the other membranes from getting destroyed.
Then, it passes through the RO membrane. Here, water is forced through a semipermeable membrane This means that the membrane allows the passage of water and other particles but not all. This is why reverse osmosis produces clean water, because all of the particles are removed or isolated.
It will pass through a last carbon filter to ensure that everything is filtered out and removed from the water.
Ideally, pre-filter cartridges and carbon filters should be replaced every 6 to 9 months, while RO membranes are replaced every 2 to 3 years.
If the filters are not changed regularly, this will result to accumulation of particles in the membranes, decreasing water production. One indication that you need to replace your membranes and filters is the decreased amount of water produced.
Add A Water Softener
Hard water is described as water rich in calcium and magnesium. They are usually from spring and mineral sources. The amount of calcium in the water is responsible for the formation of white patches when hard water dries out.
Reverse osmosis filters cannot filter out calcium and magnesium molecules. This can potentially damage the membranes
Water softeners act by attracting sodium ans magnesium ions away from the water. Water softeners contain beads that carry a negative charge, while calcium n magnesium ions carry positive charges, thus the attraction.
Having a water softener installed with your reverse osmosis system can provide a protective barrier between the water and the RO membrane.
Air Pressure Check
Remember to remove all the water from the tanks before checking for air pressure.
The normal reading is 5 to 7 psi. Anything below or above that range requires troubleshooting.
When the water pressure is very low, you may experience the absence of water or a slow flow of water through the faucet. To remedy this, set the pressure to 5 – 7 psi as indicated above. MAKE SURE TO EMPTY THE TANK BEFORE SETTING THE PRESSURE.
When the pressure is too high, there is a continuous flow of water from the faucet. Again, the solution for this is to set the pressure between 5 – 7 psi.
Having a reverse osmosis water system can be a lot of work. But, investments made for you and your family’s health are not a waste of money it’s important to stay safe and healthy. Hospitalizations cost more than maintaining your RO water system.